Lisa Henthorne, Chief Technology Officer at Water Standard and its produced water subsidiary, Monarch Separators, shares her observations regarding the produced and flowback water challenges faced by operators today.

Growing volumes of produced water coupled with restrictions imposed on salt water disposal wells are causing operators to search for alternative solutions for their produced and flowback water.

Click HERE to listen to Lisa’s thoughts on this very relevant topic.

Lisa Henthorne
Sr. Vice President and Chief Technology Officer



Duane Devall, Vice President of Global Sales at Water Standard, shares his thoughts on a fundamental shift in the handling of produced water by the oil and gas industry.

With the increased volumes of water required in frac operations, the strain on our water resources is real and the challenges of managing the water after production has operators at a crossroads.

Click HERE to watch the video or read a quick synopsis of Duane’s interview below.






Duane was asked to give his thoughts on the state of produced water treatment in the oil and gas industry. He begins by explaining that one of the biggest changes he has seen in his 20 years in the industry has been the perception of produced water by operators. Historically, produced water has been considered a waste stream; something that needs to be treated to the minimum requirements and disposed of as quickly and cheaply as possible. Now, water is viewed as a value stream and the focus is to treat this water for reuse rather than disposal. One of the main drivers of this change in perception is the massive volume of water required for use in the frac industry.  One frac job can use up to 1MM barrels of water. All that water has to come from somewhere and then the operators are faced with the challenge of what to do with this now contaminated water that has been used. The volumes exceed what the operators are able to reuse in their operations and the disposal wells are becoming strained; therefore, the industry must find a way for this water to return to the natural water cycle. Duane feels that eventually, there will be no way around the concept that safe surface discharge is the future. He then touched on the main focus of Water Standard and its produced water subsidiary, Monarch Separators. Together, they have been successfully piloting and developing a cost effective and environmentally friendly treatment process called H2O Spectrum® platform. The system offers the flexibility for operators to treat their water for reuse and/or continue the treatment process to higher levels required for safe surface discharge. Since it is a modular system, it can be tailored to meet different project requirements as well as varying (and very challenging) inlet water quality. The success of H2O Spectrum® platform has been very exciting so if you would like to find out more about this innovative process, reach out directly to

Valentina’s Viewpoint

November 8, 2018 · Blog

Valentina Llano

Attending the Rocky Mountains Shale Water Management 2018 conference a couple of weeks ago made me realize once again the important role these events play in the Business Development world. The day-to-day minutiae of our jobs often prevents us from leaving the confines of our office. Afraid we will fall behind on daily tasks such as email and follow up calls can actually bring a sense of dread when the date of the conference sneaks up on you. But you pack your bag and off you go, ready to learn, mingle and hopefully make some real connections.

To keep this short and relevant, we’ll skip ahead to the conference itself – at the wonder of whether this will be worth it. And then it begins… conversations, connections, interesting insight to the region, market and competition. As the the time begins to fly by, the emails dinging on your phone go unanswered and you become fully engrossed in the potential and prospects before you. Industry colleagues you wouldn’t meet otherwise, partnership opportunities and that ever- elusive market insight that we all seek. The next thing you know, you’re back at the airport attempting to organize your thoughts and lay out plans to make the most of your time spent out of the office.

So what did I learn? Confirmation that water, water, and water is on the forefront of everyone’s mind. Fresh water, produced water, frac water. How to get it, treat it, reuse it, move it, and where to store it.  Colorado, with some of the most stringent regulations, is forcing the water treatment and management industry to look at solutions in a more collaborative way. This is something we at Water Standard and Monarch Separators have believed in for a long time – work together, collaborate and knowledge share. As stated at the conference, the worldwide produced water market is over $5.8 billion with the US alone estimated to produce 52 MM BBLs of water per day.

This isn’t a statistic that can be overlooked anymore. To handle these volumes, this water needs to be recycled, reused or treated to safe discharge standards in order to maintain our water cycle and remove the strain on SWDs. No, this isn’t new news but it’s bigger news, more relevant news and it has moved to the front page.

Future of Produced Water

Therefore, my biggest take away from the conference is to put ourselves out there and continue our path of helping operators find the best, most cost-effective solution to this growing water problem. Our portable lab and demonstration  units have been running full force as we test the nastiest produced and flowback waters to validate solutions, optimize existing systems and search for partners in this ongoing effort to get the earth’s water cycle back in balance.

If you are overflowing with produced or flowback water and want to learn about our recent efforts, reach out today at

Water Standard and its produced water subsidiary, Monarch Separators, are firm believers in keeping abreast of the latest developments in water treatment for the oil and gas industry. Attending conferences and participating in technical sessions is one component of our technology research and advancement. More importantly, hearing directly from the Operators to learn about the challenges faced in the field… well, that’s invaluable.

Last week, Water Standard’s Chief Technology Officer, Lisa Henthorne, participated in the Produced Water Society’s (PWS) Permian Basin conference and was “wowed” once again. This was PWS’ 2nd annual conference in the Permian and it was a packed house, nearly tripling the attendance from last year. As a moderator and attendee, Lisa learned first hand what is happening at ground zero in the prolific Permian.

With some interesting and staggering figures coming from the Permian, it’s clear to see that Produced Water is the hottest topic in town. The outlook in the region was commonly referred to as a “tsunami” of produced water heading from the Permian.

So what does this all mean?

There is finally a gradual adoption of produced water reuse throughout the Permian. Operators such as EOG and Pioneer are paving the way with innovative reuse programs. We believe, it’s about time and more operators need to follow suit.

There is still a long way to go but at least the message is pointing in the right direction. Currently the trend for water treatment is continuing with limited, low cost treatment using biocide/oxidants. However 60% of the wells are souring due to the lack of consistent and effective biocide use. Therefore, more effective, yet affordable technologies are required to handle the massive volumes of water and to promote the responsible use of our precious water resources.


The Lindy Effect

July 27, 2018 · Blog

-By Duane Devall, Sr. Sales Consultant

Have you heard of the Lindy Effect?

According to one of my favorite authors, Nassim Taleb, who has written several books such as Black Swan, Antifragile, Fooled by Randomness, and his latest, Skin in the Game, the Lindy Effect is a measure of fragility in a system. When evaluating the life expectancy (or fragility) of a non-perishable entity, such as a technology, the Lindy Effect is the true meta-expert when it comes to predicting life cycles. In simple terms, if a technology (or other non-perishable entity) has existed for 40 years, then it is safe to assume that it will remain in existence for the next 40 years. If that same technology lasts for 10 more years, therefore existing for 50 years, then it is expected to last an additional 50 years. It’s pretty interesting to consider so I wanted to take it one step further.

Reflecting on the implications of this concept within my own lengthy water treatment career, the strong correlation between the Lindy Effect and produced water treatment in upstream Oil & Gas became abundantly clear. With conventional water production increasing worldwide and unconventional resources taking center stage on the global scene, what once used to be a waste stream that no one bothered to address, has now taken a prominent role on the balance sheets of Oil & Gas operators. In addition, the large amounts of freshwater used to produce unconventional oil and gas, has the public very aware of what the industry is doing with our precious water resources. Hard questions are being asked regarding the sourcing and final destination of the huge quantities of water used in oil and gas operations.

Do we dispose, recycle, or discharge to the environment? If we dispose of this water in a salt water disposal well (SWD), do we address the fact that this water is permanently removed from the water cycle? Is it possible to replenish our rivers and streams with treated oilfield produced water? Can we use produced water for agricultural purposes such as irrigation? A plethora of questions must be answered as we push forward into the unconventional space.

So this gets me back to the Lindy Effect. Due to the importance of water treatment in our current environment, customers are inundated with claims of new technologies, innovative solutions, and next-generation equipment. New businesses with minimal funding and a pilot unit are out in the water treatment marketplace with a mobile black box that will be a one stop “magic bullet” for all water treatment needs.

With all these claims, it is implied that there really is something new in the oilfield. But is there? Well, that’s debatable. Sure, there have been major advances in technologies such as materials science (membranes, metallurgy, etc.) and chemistries… and yes, these all have a place where they are effective, yet we still cannot get away from the laws of physics and thermodynamics. The fact remains that water treatment processes still follow the law of mass and energy conservation. The predominant oilfield water treatment processes still include chemistry, biological treatment, gravity separation, or filtration.

While there have been “tweaks” and improvements on the designs of each of the aforementioned processes, these same processes and equipment remain the leading method by which contaminants are removed from a water stream. Period.

Fortunately for Water Standard, our produced water subsidiary, Monarch Separators has been providing these robust water treatment technologies for over 45 years with the expected design improvements and tweaks as mentioned above. Since there are over 3000 installations worldwide consisting of primary (CPI’s), Secondary (IGF and DAF), and Tertiary (Filters) equipment, we can see the proof of the Lindy Effect each year these technologies stay “alive.”

Therefore, as we continue to develop and test new technologies to improve the traditional processes and equipment, we remain open and curious about the potential next “big thing” by asking our customers what they want 5, 10, or 15 years from now but our main goal is to simply focus on our customer’s requirements and offer the best available technology at the best price to meet specifications and make economic sense. And as each year passes, we definitely appreciate the concept of the Lindy Effect, which states that proven technologies operating for many years, will not be going anywhere, for many years to come.

What do you think? For those in the industry, do you agree with this concept? Do you see the Lindy Effect in your technologies as well?

Corrugated Plate Interceptor (CPI)

Monarch Separators CPI

Monarch Separators Heavy Oil Flotation System

Monarch Separators IGF System

Kirk Wagner
President, Monarch Separators, A Water Standard Company

Richard Feynman was a brilliant, Nobel Prize-winning American physicist (1918-1988). His accomplishments abound. One notable accomplishment that I find particularly useful working in the Produced Water marketplace (where complexity and jargon thrive) is his technique for understanding and explaining a difficult concept, or say technology, in simple terms. His successful mental model was coined the Feynman Technique.

In its simplest form, the Feynman Technique is as follows:
1. Choose a concept.
2. Teach it to a young person.
3. Identify gaps in your explanation then return to the source material.
4. Review and simplify.

Take a concept such as Produced Water Treatment. Is it clear to you what it takes to “treat” Produced Water? Could you explain this to a 10 year old? Or try to teach it to a fresh, out of college petroleum engineer that is now responsible for your project’s technical bid tab? One gap you may find early in the teaching phase is how does one define “treat”? Does “treatment” in Texas’ Permian Basin mean the same thing as “treatment” in Colorado’s Denver-Julesburg or DJ Basin? Can you explain if “Gunbarrels” (I warned you about industry jargon) really meet “treatment” standards in both basins? I assure you when you go back to your source material, you will find complexity in your explanation that should be reviewed again and simplified.

At Water Standard and Monarch Separators we have always tried to simplify; to take a complex concept, break it down to digestible pieces and provide it back to our industry colleagues and customers in an intuitive way. Like many in the industry, we don’t always get it right but we have found that collaboration and the Feynman Technique are helpful in getting better at it. In future blog posts, we will attempt to continue the spirit of this last sentence. My colleagues will collaborate with the industry by writing about arious water-related concepts and technologies in this blog that we examine and use in our daily work.

My challenge to them and the reader is the same. While collaboration is easy, you will find that to simplify difficult concepts or technologies is hard. That is, unless you use the Feynman Technique.

Reach out if you’d like to talk further.