Archive for 2018
Water Standard and its produced water subsidiary, Monarch Separators, are strengthening their focus on the unconventional oil and gas space with a recent upgrade to their H2O Spectrum® platform technology. Now, this innovative water treatment platform provides operators a wide spectrum of affordable produced and flowback water treatment options from disposal, to recycle and reuse, or treatment for safe surface discharge.
As environmental concerns over water usage and availability continue and the volumes of produced water grow, Water Standard has responded by adding a low-cost alginate flocculant, coupled with Monarch Separators’ unique separation technologies to advance the H2O Spectrum® platform. The platform offers higher performance while remaining cost effective, which Water Standard understands is a key driver in the unconventional market.
Lisa Henthorne, Chief Technology Officer at Water Standard says, “With over 3 million barrels of water being produced every day in the Permian basin alone, we know it’s getting tough to manage the volumes, especially if operators are reliant on disposal alone. We’ve performed extensive testing of our H2O Spectrum® platform throughout the U.S., and are currently active in the Permian, Denver-Julesburg, Delaware and Powder River basins. The results speak for themselves with recycle and reuse options of under 7¢ per barrel (all-in chemical costs) and safe surface discharge solutions for under $1 per barrel (all-in equipment and chemical costs). These lower costs allow operators the flexibility to reuse the water within their frac operations or opt to discharge the water safely back into the environment for other uses.”
Performance from testing a range of challenging inlet water quality with turbidity up to 700 NTU have resulted in treated water for reuse and recycle with turbidity of <2-4 NTU, oil in water down to less than 2 mg/L and iron removal to less than 1 mg/L. For more extensive surface discharge treatment, the H2O Spectrum® platform boasts 100% BTEX and TOC removal along with 99+% salinity reduction and the successful accomplishment of passing the Whole Effluent Toxicity (WET) tests required for safe surface discharge.
“The success of our testing has resulted in collaborative partnerships with large E&P operators, midstream companies and various water treatment service providers to reduce salt water disposal and the subsequent loss of freshwater resources. Reusing the water for operations or treating it to levels that allow the water to be returned to the water cycle is at the heart of what we do,” added Lisa Henthorne.
Water Standard and its produced water subsidiary, Monarch Separators, are firm believers in keeping abreast of the latest developments in water treatment for the oil and gas industry. Attending conferences and participating in technical sessions is one component of our technology research and advancement. More importantly, hearing directly from the Operators to learn about the challenges faced in the field… well, that’s invaluable.
Last week, Water Standard’s Chief Technology Officer, Lisa Henthorne, participated in the Produced Water Society’s (PWS) Permian Basin conference and was “wowed” once again. This was PWS’ 2nd annual conference in the Permian and it was a packed house, nearly tripling the attendance from last year. As a moderator and attendee, Lisa learned first hand what is happening at ground zero in the prolific Permian.
With some interesting and staggering figures coming from the Permian, it’s clear to see that Produced Water is the hottest topic in town. The outlook in the region was commonly referred to as a “tsunami” of produced water heading from the Permian.
There is finally a gradual adoption of produced water reuse throughout the Permian. Operators such as EOG and Pioneer are paving the way with innovative reuse programs. We believe, it’s about time and more operators need to follow suit.
There is still a long way to go but at least the message is pointing in the right direction. Currently the trend for water treatment is continuing with limited, low cost treatment using biocide/oxidants. However 60% of the wells are souring due to the lack of consistent and effective biocide use. Therefore, more effective, yet affordable technologies are required to handle the massive volumes of water and to promote the responsible use of our precious water resources.
-By Duane Devall, Sr. Sales Consultant
Have you heard of the Lindy Effect?
According to one of my favorite authors, Nassim Taleb, who has written several books such as Black Swan, Antifragile, Fooled by Randomness, and his latest, Skin in the Game, the Lindy Effect is a measure of fragility in a system. When evaluating the life expectancy (or fragility) of a non-perishable entity, such as a technology, the Lindy Effect is the true meta-expert when it comes to predicting life cycles. In simple terms, if a technology (or other non-perishable entity) has existed for 40 years, then it is safe to assume that it will remain in existence for the next 40 years. If that same technology lasts for 10 more years, therefore existing for 50 years, then it is expected to last an additional 50 years. It’s pretty interesting to consider so I wanted to take it one step further.
Reflecting on the implications of this concept within my own lengthy water treatment career, the strong correlation between the Lindy Effect and produced water treatment in upstream Oil & Gas became abundantly clear. With conventional water production increasing worldwide and unconventional resources taking center stage on the global scene, what once used to be a waste stream that no one bothered to address, has now taken a prominent role on the balance sheets of Oil & Gas operators. In addition, the large amounts of freshwater used to produce unconventional oil and gas, has the public very aware of what the industry is doing with our precious water resources. Hard questions are being asked regarding the sourcing and final destination of the huge quantities of water used in oil and gas operations.
Do we dispose, recycle, or discharge to the environment? If we dispose of this water in a salt water disposal well (SWD), do we address the fact that this water is permanently removed from the water cycle? Is it possible to replenish our rivers and streams with treated oilfield produced water? Can we use produced water for agricultural purposes such as irrigation? A plethora of questions must be answered as we push forward into the unconventional space.
So this gets me back to the Lindy Effect. Due to the importance of water treatment in our current environment, customers are inundated with claims of new technologies, innovative solutions, and next-generation equipment. New businesses with minimal funding and a pilot unit are out in the water treatment marketplace with a mobile black box that will be a one stop “magic bullet” for all water treatment needs.
With all these claims, it is implied that there really is something new in the oilfield. But is there? Well, that’s debatable. Sure, there have been major advances in technologies such as materials science (membranes, metallurgy, etc.) and chemistries… and yes, these all have a place where they are effective, yet we still cannot get away from the laws of physics and thermodynamics. The fact remains that water treatment processes still follow the law of mass and energy conservation. The predominant oilfield water treatment processes still include chemistry, biological treatment, gravity separation, or filtration.
While there have been “tweaks” and improvements on the designs of each of the aforementioned processes, these same processes and equipment remain the leading method by which contaminants are removed from a water stream. Period.
Fortunately for Water Standard, our produced water subsidiary, Monarch Separators has been providing these robust water treatment technologies for over 45 years with the expected design improvements and tweaks as mentioned above. Since there are over 3000 installations worldwide consisting of primary (CPI’s), Secondary (IGF and DAF), and Tertiary (Filters) equipment, we can see the proof of the Lindy Effect each year these technologies stay “alive.”
Therefore, as we continue to develop and test new technologies to improve the traditional processes and equipment, we remain open and curious about the potential next “big thing” by asking our customers what they want 5, 10, or 15 years from now but our main goal is to simply focus on our customer’s requirements and offer the best available technology at the best price to meet specifications and make economic sense. And as each year passes, we definitely appreciate the concept of the Lindy Effect, which states that proven technologies operating for many years, will not be going anywhere, for many years to come.
What do you think? For those in the industry, do you agree with this concept? Do you see the Lindy Effect in your technologies as well?
Water Standard, through its produced water subsidiary, Monarch Separators has successfully designed, manufactured and delivered another set of Induced Gas Flotation Systems for our long time client in Canada. Each system is designed to remove oil and solids from 150,000 bpd of produced water.
Phase 1 of Canadian Oil Sands Expansion Project
Central Processing Facility (CPF) designed to collect and process fluids from Well Pads to produce 40,000 bpd of Bitumen
WATER STANDARD / MONARCH SEPARATORS SCOPE:
Design, engineering, fabrication, assembly, inspection and testing and long-term preservation for two IGF packages
The April Issue of Hart Energy’s Water Management Techbook is now available online. Contributing editor, Jennifer Pallanich, attempts to share some evolving best practices in water management by enlisting Water Standard’s Chief Technology Officer, Lisa Henthorne, to share her water treatment expertise as well as insight from the 45 years of practical experience from our produced water subsidiary, Monarch Separators. The article focuses on the oil and gas industry’s rapid shift to reusing and recycling produced water due to decreasing water supply, tightening regulations and environmental consciousness.
Ms. Henthorne, along with other industry experts, share insight on the benefits and challenges associated with disposal, recycle/reuse, and safe discharge of produced and flowback water.
If you are facing water treatment challenges from injection water to produced/flowback water, reach out via our contact page to see how we can help. Water Standard and Monarch Separators’ combined experience in water analysis, fabrication and operations management can help you turn your water problems into water solutions.
See pages 38-42 for the full article, “Evolving Best Practices in Water Management” in the Water Management Techbook by clicking here.
President, Monarch Separators, A Water Standard Company
Richard Feynman was a brilliant, Nobel Prize-winning American physicist (1918-1988). His accomplishments abound. One notable accomplishment that I find particularly useful working in the Produced Water marketplace (where complexity and jargon thrive) is his technique for understanding and explaining a difficult concept, or say technology, in simple terms. His successful mental model was coined the Feynman Technique.
In its simplest form, the Feynman Technique is as follows:
1. Choose a concept.
2. Teach it to a young person.
3. Identify gaps in your explanation then return to the source material.
4. Review and simplify.
Take a concept such as Produced Water Treatment. Is it clear to you what it takes to “treat” Produced Water? Could you explain this to a 10 year old? Or try to teach it to a fresh, out of college petroleum engineer that is now responsible for your project’s technical bid tab? One gap you may find early in the teaching phase is how does one define “treat”? Does “treatment” in Texas’ Permian Basin mean the same thing as “treatment” in Colorado’s Denver-Julesburg or DJ Basin? Can you explain if “Gunbarrels” (I warned you about industry jargon) really meet “treatment” standards in both basins? I assure you when you go back to your source material, you will find complexity in your explanation that should be reviewed again and simplified.
At Water Standard and Monarch Separators we have always tried to simplify; to take a complex concept, break it down to digestible pieces and provide it back to our industry colleagues and customers in an intuitive way. Like many in the industry, we don’t always get it right but we have found that collaboration and the Feynman Technique are helpful in getting better at it. In future blog posts, we will attempt to continue the spirit of this last sentence. My colleagues will collaborate with the industry by writing about arious water-related concepts and technologies in this blog that we examine and use in our daily work.
My challenge to them and the reader is the same. While collaboration is easy, you will find that to simplify difficult concepts or technologies is hard. That is, unless you use the Feynman Technique.
Reach out if you’d like to talk further. email@example.com
Water Standard Successfully Delivers Membrane Water Treatment Package for First of its Kind Midstream Application
Water Standard is pleased to announce the successful delivery of a membrane water treatment package to a midstream energy company, as a groundbreaking component of their gas quality upgrade project within their LPG export terminal.
This export terminal is designed to load LPG carriers for delivery to the world market to meet rising international demand for American LPG supply. The membrane water treatment package, which has not been used in this type of application before, is critical for delivering gas of appropriate quality to the terminal’s primary customer.
Consistent with its solutions-driven approach to industry challenges, Water Standard supported its client from piloting and conceptualization to scale-up and construction by evaluating several different water sources, water treatment technologies, and process configurations. The result was the most optimal treatment solution for this novel midstream application.
Ultimately, the compact membrane system was built to produce between 50-150 gpm of water from a wide range of feed water qualities and varying temperatures. Its unique configuration minimizes water demand from the facility by achieving a recovery rate of 80%.
Lisa Henthorne, Chief Technology Officer of Water Standard states, “We strive for the best solutions for the unique and often very challenging water treatment requirements our clients face. In this case, using a compact, skid mounted design to retrofit within the facility, and the ability to treat any source water at a high recovery rate, we maximized flexibility and minimized OPEX for our client.
The equipment was manufactured in Water Standard’s 22,000 square foot, ASME certified, Monarch Separators fabrication facility located in Houston, Texas.
Given the criticality of the water treatment package, the project was executed on a fast-track and is scheduled for startup in the first quarter of 2018.
Water Standard is proud to announce that CEO, Amanda Brock, has been inducted into the Greater Houston Women’s Hall of Fame. This prestigious title is for leaders who have contributed significantly to the advancement of women and improved the quality of life for future generations of Houstonians. Amanda was honored at the Hall of Fame Gala held in the beautiful Royal Sonesta in Houston. The gala was a glamorous event followed by an unexpected, magical dusting of snow! We congratulate Amanda for this well-deserved recognition as she is a great role model for so many and a woman of true character.